The recently passed amended Jammu and Kashmir Reorganisation Bill, as highlighted by Union Home Minister Amit Shah, is poised to address a longstanding issue of representation for individuals who have been voiceless for over seven decades. Shah emphasized during the parliamentary debate that the legislation aims to provide justice to those who were compelled to abandon their homes and exist as refugees across different parts of the country.
The bill specifically targets the inclusion of various groups, namely "Kashmiri Migrants," "Displaced Persons from Pakistan-Occupied Jammu and Kashmir," and Scheduled Tribes in the Jammu and Kashmir assembly. According to Shah, the objective is to rectify historical injustices and amplify the voices of those who have faced displacement and marginalization for an extended period.
In addition to the Jammu and Kashmir Reorganisation Bill, another significant legislative move involves amending Section 2 of the Reservation Act. This amendment entails a shift in terminology from "weak and underprivileged classes (social castes)" to "other backward classes." The alteration in language reflects an effort to update and align with contemporary understanding and sensitivities surrounding social and economic categorizations.
In essence, both bills underscore a commitment to rectifying historical grievances, providing representation to marginalized groups, and adapting legal frameworks to contemporary sociopolitical contexts. The changes aim to foster inclusivity and justice for communities that have faced enduring challenges.