New Delhi, July 23 (IANS) Bharatiya Janata Party MP from Uttar Pradesh Ravi Kishan and a few other MPs in the Lok Sabha are going to introduce a Private Member Bill on population control on Friday.
According to the List of Business prepared for the proceedings of the Lok Sabha on Friday, between 3.30 p.m. and 6 p.m., many MPs will bring Bills on different subjects.
Lok Sabha MPs Ravi Kishan, Sushil Kumar Singh, Vishnu Dayal Ram and Dr Alok Kumar Suman have informed the House about introducing the Private Member Bill on population control.
There has been a long-standing demand for strict laws to control the population in the country. Some states have started taking initiatives in this direction.
Uttar Pradesh and Assam have made preparations to give shape to the rules and regulations for population control in their states.
New Delhi, July 12 (IANS) The majority of respondents in the IANS-CVoter Live Tracker say the time has come to bring a population control law for the entire country. The Yogi Adityanath government of Uttar Pradesh is preparing to bring a population control law in the state.
To a question in the survey on do you think the time has come to bring the population control law for the entire country, 52.14 percent said the time has come to bring population control law for the entire country.
On the other hand, 38.03 percent said there is no need to bring population control laws for the entire country, and such laws should be introduced only in the states with more population.
The sample size of the survey is 1,225. CVoter NewsTracker Surveys in India are based on a national representative random probability sample as used in the globally standardised RDD CATI methodology, covering all geographic and demographic segments across all states. This daily live tracker survey is based on interviews of adult (18+) respondents across all socio-economic segments. The data is weighted to the known census profile. The standard margin of error: +/- 3 percent at National trends and +/- 5 percent at Regional/Zonal trends with 95 percent confidence level.
Union Road Transport and Highways Minister Nitin Gadkari has said that the surging petrol prices are 'agitating' people, and given the formula to bring down the fuel price to Rs 60-65/litre. Gadkari said more use of ethanol would bring respite from increasing petrol price.
Following this, 49.6 per cent of respondents said Gadkari should be given charge of the Petroleum Ministry as well while 34.5 percent said the new Petroleum Minister Hardeep Singh will handle the affairs of the ministry efficiently and effectively.
Ahead of the 2022 Assembly elections in different states, while AAP leader and Delhi Chief Minister Arvind Kejriwal has announced to give free electricity in Uttarakhand, SP leader Akhilesh Yadav has promised free electricity in Uttar Pradesh.
To this, 50.29 per cent of respondents in the survey said the promise of free electricity is becoming a winning formula for elections while 35.28 per cent said no, that a party can't win elections just by the promise of free electricity. As many as 50.92 percent said providing free electricity affects the revenue of the states, which affects other essential services that are provided to the public.
With Bharatiya Kisan Union (BKU) leader Gurnam Singh Chadhuni's proposal to contest the upcoming Punjab Assembly elections, rejected by the Samyukt Kisan Morcha, 54.3 per cent respondents said farmers should launch a political platform and contest the Punjab Assembly elections to carry forward the fight for the rights of the farming community while 35.4 percent said farmers issues will not be solved by contesting Punjab Assembly elections.
The Haryana government has decided to open schools for students of classes 9 to 12 from July 16 even as the threat of the third wave of Corona is not over yet. To a question on do you think in such a situation, schools should be opened now, 47.1 per cent said no, schools should not be opened now while 44.02 percent said schools should be reopened.
After the Punjab and Haryana unit of Congress, now infighting is being witnessed in the party's Chhattisgarh unit as well, and 48.33 per cent said the Congress leadership is consistently failing to resolve the infighting in state units of the party.
Uttar Pradesh chief minister Yogi Adityanath on Sunday unveiled the new population policy 2021-30, on the occasion of World Population Day.
Through the proposed policy, efforts will be made to increase the accessibility of contraceptive measures issued under the Family Planning Programme and provide a proper system for safe abortion and on the other hand, through improved health facilities, efforts will be made for population stabilization by providing accessible solutions to impotence/infertility and reducing the infant and maternal mortality rate.
Speaking on the occasion, the chief minister said that bringing the bill is necessary to control and stabilize the population to promote sustainable development with more equitable distribution.
He also underlined the need or creating awareness among the people on this issue.
In the new Population Policy, a target has been set to bring the birth rate to 2.1 per thousand population by 2026 and to 1.9 by 2030.
One of the key points in the new policy is to make comprehensive arrangements for the care of the elderly, apart from better management of education, health, and nutrition of adolescents between 11 to 19 years.
The period of Population Policy 2000-16 of the state has ended and now a new policy is the need of the hour.
The new policy has an innovative proposal to set up 'Health Clubs' in schools with the awareness efforts for population stabilization, as well as a system for digital tracking of infants, adolescents, and elderly people in line with the spirit of the Digital Health Mission.
While preparing the new population policy, efforts have been made to maintain the - demographic balance in all the communities; easy availability of advanced health facilities, and to bring down the maternal and child mortality rate to the minimum level through proper nutrition.
Meanwhile, the State Law Commission has also prepared the draft of the Uttar Pradesh Population (Control, Stabilization, and Welfare) Bill-2021, on which the public can give suggestions till July 19.
In the draft of the Uttar Pradesh Population (Control, Stabilization, and Welfare) Bill-2021 issued by the State Law Commission, 'Bacche Do He Acche' has been highlighted.
According to the proposal, parents who limit their family to only two children and are in government service and undergoing voluntary sterilization will be given facilities like two additional increments, promotion, the exemption in government housing schemes, increasing employer contribution in PF.
There are also provisions to provide exemptions in water, electricity, house tax, home loan, and other such facilities to couples with two children who are not in government jobs.
If the law is implemented, then within a year, all government officials, employees, and elected representatives of local bodies will have to give an affidavit that they will not violate this policy. Ration cards would be limited to four units.
It is proposed in the draft that the election can be cancelled if the rules are broken.
The single child will get preference in admission in all educational institutions including but not limited to the Indian Institute of Management and All India Institute of Management Science.
Free education up to graduation level, scholarship for higher studies in case of a girl child and preference to the single child in government jobs are other benefits which couples with a single child will receive.
The draft bill further explains, "(a) The personal law governing A allows polygamy. A has three wives B, C and D. A and B, A and C, and A and D shall be counted as three distinct married couples so far as the status of B, C, and D is concerned but as far as the status of A is concerned, it shall be counted as one married couple for the purpose of calculation of a cumulative number of children. For example, A has one child from B, two children from C and one child from D, the total number of children of A shall be four. (b) The personal law governing B allows polyandry. B has two husbands A and C. B and A shall be counted as one married couple. B and C shall be counted as another married couple."
This Act shall be called the Uttar Pradesh population (Control, stabilization, and Welfare) Act, 2021, and it will extend to the whole of the state. It will come into force after one year from the date of publication in the Gazette.
A State Population Fund would be constituted, and it will be utilized to implement this Act.
Guwahati/Agartala, July 4 (IANS) Despite criticism, Assam Chief Minister Himanta Biswa Sarma continues to insist on a population policy with a two-child norm and adoption of decent family planning norms by the immigrant Muslims to eradicate poverty in the northeastern state.
The main opposition Congress slamming the Chief Minister for his remarks on controlling the population of Assam said that Sarma's statement in the context of population 'explosion' in the state is "misinformed and misleading".
The Population Foundation of India (PFI), an NGO, said that India and its states must learn from China's failed experience with enforcing coercive population policies, which have created a population crisis in China today.
In a series of statements and speeches after taking over as the 15th Chief Minister of Assam on May 10, Sarma has been saying that his government would take specific policy measures to decelerate the growth of the minority Muslim population with the aim to eradicate poverty and illiteracy.
"Assam has been able to maintain its annual population growth at 1.6 percent, but it is found in the 2001 and 2011 Census that the Muslim population is growing at a rate of 29 percent (decadal).
"In contrast, Hindu population has come down from 22 percent to 16 percent and further reduced to 10 percent during the latest censuses," the Chief Minister said.
He said that the high population growth caused poverty and illiteracy among the Muslim community.
"If the Muslim community checks the population growth and if they properly avail the scope of government policies like free education for girls till the university level, financial inclusion for minority women, reservation in panchayats and government jobs, and establishment of colleges and universities for women in minority areas, the minority community would also be developed."
Sarma said that he is in constant touch with various leaders of Muslim society. "If the government takes some steps, they would always be interpreted on political lines even though this is not a political issue," he pointed out.
Assam Congress' Media Department Chairperson Bobbeeta Sharma said that as per the latest National Family Health Survey (NFHS) undertaken by the Union Ministry of Health and Family Welfare and released in December 2020, the Total Fertility Rate (TFR) across most Indian states has declined in the last five years.
"The total fertility rate is defined as the average number of children that would be born to a woman by the time she ends childbearing age. A TFR of 2.1 is known as the replacement rate. The fertility rate of less than 2.1 implies that the total population will be less than the existing population which is also called the negative growth rate," Sharma told IANS.
She said that as per the same survey the fertility rate of women in Assam has declined from 2.2 in 2015-16 to 1.9 in 2020-21. As 1.9 is less than 2.1, it means the future population of Assam will only be less than the current population.
"Hence there is no question of an increase in population as per the Ministry's data."
The Congress leader said that if the Chief Minister is referring to the "population explosion" that may happen in the future due to immigration of people from Bangladesh and Pakistan because of the implementation of the Citizenship (Amendment) Act then perhaps his concern is valid.
Muslims comprise 34.22 percent of the 3.12 crore population of Assam, of which 4 percent are indigenous Assamese Muslims and the remaining are mostly Bengali-speaking Muslims.
Muslim votes are a determining factor in at least 30 to 35 seats out of the total 126 assembly seats.
Of Assam's 34 districts, 12 percent or more Muslim population resides in 19 districts and in six districts (out of 19 districts) the Muslim population constitutes 50 percent or more.
An official document said that the population of India is expected to exceed that of China around 2027 as per the World Population Prospects 2019 Report.
Population Foundation of India Executive Director Poonam Muttreja said that India and its states must learn from China's failed experience with enforcing coercive population policies, which have created a population crisis in China today.
She said that while the average national fertility rate has dropped to the replacement rate, in some states, such as Sikkim and Lakshadweep, the challenges of an aging population, shrinking labour workforce, and increased sex-selective practices, are attributed to the total fertility rate being well below the replacement level.
"In reaction to a so-called 'explosive' population growth, a number of states already have or are considering implementing policies that disallow individuals with more than two children from contesting panchayat elections, holding government jobs, or accessing benefits," Muttreja told IANS.
She said that the 2019-20 data of Assam shows that the TFR has fallen far below the replacement rate, to 1.9 children per woman. "To deny access to social welfare schemes to families with more than two children would adversely impact the already underserved and vulnerable, rather than address population growth."
Muttreja said that in Lakshadweep, where the administration recently proposed a regulation to bar those with more than two children to run for panchayat election, fertility rates stand at 1.4 children per woman.
"The overall population growth rate for the Union Territory has dropped to 6.3 percent in 2001-2011, from 17.19 percent in 1991-2001.
"Stringent population control measures could lead to an increase in sex-selective practices, given the strong son-preference in many regions."
The PFI chief said that China has been forced to rescind its two-child policy, after finding itself in the midst of a population crisis and an abnormally high male-female ratio. This has forced the Chinese government to allow each couple to have up to three children.
"As levels of education and income increase, fertility rates will decrease further. This is exemplified in Kerala and Tamil Nadu, which provide better access to education and development opportunities.
"Ensuring gender equality, empowering women, improving education, economic development and access to family planning services are key ways to ensure smaller families become the norm. For this, empowering girls and women via free education, increased age at marriage, and reducing drop-outs are key," Muttreja said.
A 15-year-old Indian girl based in Dubai has launched a campaign via which she has helped collect more than 25 tonnes of e-waste for recycling in more than four years, a media report said on Friday.
According to Riva Tulpule, a grade 10 student of GEMS Modern Academy,many people just dump old devices and appliances in the general waste as they are not aware of the options for recycling them, Gulf News reported.
Hence, she got in touch with with the Dubai-based EnviroServe, one of the largest electronics recyclers and processors in the world, to hand over the collected items, which included over 2,000 broken laptops, tabs, mobile phones, printers and keyboards.
Her campaign, WeCareDXB, has enlisted volunteers after it successfully raised awareness via social media platforms.
"When we were moving house, I had asked my mom why we can't we just dispose the items we don't need. She told me they need to be tacked in a special way but we were not sure exactly how to go about it. So that made me curious and I decided to do some research into it, which led me to this cause," the Gulf News report quoted the teen as saying.
During the latest collection round in December 2020, over 60 students from 15 schools had signed up for the campaign.