For an faster growth, India must become power-sufficent
Although the overall installed capacity and availability of power has increased in our country, yet the pain areas still remain unfixed. The financial conditions of the Distribution Companies are deteriorating, power supply in rural areas is still a big issue, electricity consumers still await for uninterrupted power supply and the Discoms are left with no other option than Tariff Hike. In this era, when India is looking for- ward at becoming a dominant economy in the world, the current Power Scenarios could only drag down its dream.
Power is the not only a critical component for the infrastructural growth, it’s also very crucial for economic development and welfare of the nation. India’s generation capacity will have to increase approximately by 7 times of the present figure to meet our growth needs. The major part of our energy mix depends on fossil fuels, which are finite and have environmental implications. Taking this into consideration, post the UN Climate Change Conference in Paris (COP21 summit) the Government has decided to go for a low-carbon transformation of the Power system. In this context, India has endorsed renewable as the future source to fuel the rapid growth engine. And so the Government has set an ambitious target of 175GW of renewable power installed capacity by the end of 2022, of which approx 58 GW has been installed so far. This opens ground for many players to participate and encourages entrepreneurship, whilst focusing on passing the benefit to end user of electricity. Having said that, the challenges still remain strong.
the renewable Sector:
Prices for renewable based electricity have been dropping globally and more so here in India. The effect of this trend of cost reduction in renewable is changing the dynamics in the sector and thus making investments in conventional power plants unfeasible. Electricity generation through the the renewable source of energy is increasing with every passing day. The initially impact ful Wind and large-scale solar power plant later faced various challenges in terms of technology and financials too.
Despite the impressive performance of the renewable industry, the Indian energy sector continues to be plagued with multifaceted challenges some of which can be summarized as below:
Unawareness about the importance of accurate designing and reliable engineering to meet the required demand.
Fulfilling the expectations of developers, manufacturers, and utilities in a timely and cost effective way
The challenge of maintaining good quality with apt pricing/costing
The Wind system despite having a great potential faces several bar- riers in the field, some of which are:
A geographically suitable and source capable site
Capacity allocation at the location Land clearance
Suitable policy framework
Power evacuation up to the grid
Cost parity with Solar energy Due to these a major lack of investment interest and belief in this renewable source is expected.
Challenges with large-scale solar power plant
Large scale solar projects too come with some challenges, majority of them being technological. Consider a big solar power plant over which a big cloud is passing by this will result in reduction of the units generated by the plant thus the total generation will differ from the scheduled generation. This in turn will cause penalties imposed by Load Dispatch centers on the generator, impact the tariff and financials.
Constraints of inter-state transmission lines which are used at full capacity most of times is another major challenge. This may result in wastage of this energy at the renewable surplus states, thus not reaching the electricity deficit states. The route of traffic revision that more and more states are taking for the renewable energy projects has caused a major stir in the sector and the bids have shown a downward chart.
The new dedicated Inter-State Green energy Corridor program in that the Government has initiated with Germany would allow interstate renewable energy transmission and reduce wastage. However, this will take time and requires investments.
Importance of Projection and Forecasting
Both solar and wind power are not as easy to control as fossil fuel plants, therefore power grids need to become capable enough to handle last-minute changes in power generation.
Any deviation from the scheduled generation results in a huge amount of penalty to the generator and to avoid this detailed forecasting and projections analytics is required at both the demand and the supply side. Forecasting the prices in case of purchase from exchange needs to be focused on as well.
Thus, at present solar rooftops has become the need of the hour. Doing so will not only address the current issue of energy shortage but also give the consumer an opportunity to become a producer, the more common word: “Prosumers”. The Major problem of voltage fluctuation and power loss will also go down with the use of rooftop solar.
It is commonly known that Rural areas in India are non-uniformly electrified. The energy requirements of these areas are only being met by the techno- logical and financial rich states whereas poorer states are still struggling to do so. Mini-grid and Off-grid solutions along with battery/energy storage are going to help a lot to mitigate such problems in these areas. No more lack of electricity will hinder the growth at these current energy deficit regions.
An important solution to sporadic renewable will be storage. There is a whole lot of scope in Advancement of energy storage technologies in the near future. Countries are developing number of 10MW, 20MW etc of energy storage plants which can help not only during situation of power shortage but also support the grid when needed. energy storage is becoming a major player in the global energy market and will continue to grow for the foreseeable future. The development of battery technology has been spurred by increasing viability of electric vehicles. India expressed its desire to go-all electric this year and backed its intention with a policy push. The Government has stated that the companies that follow official policies aggressively and switch to non-polluting fuels, stand to benefits in the long term.
Furthermore, the prices of battery packs for typical electricity cars has gone down by 58% ($600 to $250) in last 5 years and by 2024 it is expected to come down to $100. The capital costs of electric vehicles are expected to be less than that of petrol vehicles in next 5 years, with acceptable range and operational costs at a fraction of that of petrol vehicles.
The benefits of energy storage will become both more attainable and attractive as the component prices decline. Integration with the Internet of Things (IoT) will create additional advantages through intelligent energy storage to facilitate the integration of energy storage and renewable as well. These technologies need to be developed further for a country like India. Not only this will help in achieving the goals of government policies, it will also bring a number of entrepreneurship opportunities.
Opportunities in Solar Industry
The Solar industry is expanding with an exponentially rising number of both solar system installers and manufacturers. The sector has also seen a rise in distributors/stockists/warehouses specifically of foreign brands of inverts,modules etc. Solar trading is becoming an important link in the value chain of the business. Primary traders are focusing on equipment’s (modules, batteries, inverts etc.) and accessories such as cables and switch gear. The other type of traders are those who prefer carrying out EPC orders and they may most often referred as business development associates, partners etc
Another category of traders in the sectors are the equipment traders, these traders also book sales order for EPC (engineering, Procurement, and construction) for either themselves or other companies.
Mini Grid and Off-Grid – Last mile connectivity for Rural With huge and diverse geographical and economical diversity rural electrification is one the important exercise for the current government. Last mile connectivity means small, off-grid project will become the most effective way to expand access to electricity and its reach to the rural areas. Micro grids provide an immediate solution for rural India to gain access to electricity. Since these off-grid projects incorporate renewable energy sources to generate electricity, these would provide more sustainable and more reliable solutions in these areas.
the Generation based incentives, the capital and interest subsidies, the concession finance and inter- est subsidies offered by the government are definitely promoting the adoption of renewable energy but a long-term integrated plan is much required. A plan that would:
Make power grids more flexible.
Develop an infrastructure for eV expansion.
Be a primer for policy for storage technology development and brings investment.
Our Service Oriented team at Saker energies specializes in all kind of solar solutions one needs. We offer Pioneer Services of Renewable energy, System Designing and engineering catering to commercial, industrial, architectural and institutional applications in a cost effective. The interactions with utilities, designing of solutions or procurement of equipment will all be done with due deliberation by us.
Classified feature article by SAKER ENERGIES PVT LTD Website: www.sakerenergies. com