Syria: Civil War Continues

by April 18, 2018 0 comments

Syria Civil War ContinuesSyria experienced a missle strike that was big enough to rearrange its landscape around the chemical weapon targets.It was, however, a pantomime event that was designed to impress Donald J Trump.

I will do such things, —

What they are, yet I know not: But they shall be

The terrors of the earth.

— King Lear, Act II, Scene 4

There are occasions when only Shakespeare will do, and Donald Trump was really, really cross.

There’s still no proof that the Assad regime was responsible for the poison gas attack that killed, according to various reports, 40 or 75 or even more people in the besieged Syrian town of Douma. Indeed, the Russians, Bashar al-Assad’s faithful ally, maintain that the attack did not even happen.

Moscow suggests that the video footage was faked by Islamist rebels, or perhaps taken from some previous occasion. There has been no proper investigation, although the Russians offered to escort a team from the Organisation for the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons to the site of the alleged attack. But Trump saw the footage on Fox News and was determined to punish the evil ones.

And he did act, although his actions were not exactly “the terrors of the Earth”. According to the US Defence Secretary, General James N Mattis, the missile strike involved ‘double’ the number of missiles that were used in last year’s similar attack. So, that is around 120 Tomahawk cruise missiles, costing around $100 million, delivered on three or four targets that were almost certainly evacuated last weekend.

There were also a few smaller missiles delivered by British or French aircraft that tagged along with the Americans. They probably came within the range of the Russian S-400 air defence system, by general assent, the best in the world, but there was no risk of their being shot down. The Russians didn’t turn their system on.

It was a big enough attack to re-arrange the landscape around the alleged “chemical weapons-type targets”, even if Syrian anti-aircraft fire shot down a few of the unmanned missiles (as the Syrians claim). Essentially, however, it was a pantomime event designed to impress a small and unsophisticated audience — Donald J Trump. It would appear that the grown-ups really are still in charge of the White House.

They couldn’t actually disobey orders but they could arrange things so that nobody got seriously hurt. They specifically chose targets that would “mitigate the risk of Russian forces being involved”, and the Syrians obviously had time to get their people out of the likely targets too.

The United States even warned the Russians to clear the airspace along the tracks which the missiles would follow so that there would be no accidental encounters with Russian (or Syrian) aircraft. “We used the normal deconfliction channel to deconflict airspace,” explained the Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, General Joseph Dunford. And the Russians obligingly turned off their air defences, since the Western attacks weren’t going to do any serious harm anyway.

United States President Trump did say that “we are prepared to sustain this response until the Syrian regime stops its use of prohibited chemical agents”, but that is a perfectly meaningless commitment since Syria is not using them now. If it did use them last week, it has already stopped. As General Mattis said: “Right now, this is a one-time shot.”

So move along, folks. Nothing more to see here. And spare us all the talk (most recently by United Nations Secretary-General Antonio Guterres) about a ‘new Cold War’.  There can’t be a new Cold War because the Russians don’t have the resources to hold up their end of it. The Russian Federation has half the population of the old Soviet Union, and its economy is about the same size as Italy’s. If Italy spent its budget the way Russia does, it too could have big conventional forces and a nuclear striking force big enough to deter even the United States from attacking it — but it could not sustain a global military confrontation with the NATO powers for even one year. Neither could Russia.

Moscow only commits its forces to areas that really threaten its security (or at least appeal to its own sometimes paranoid definition of what constitutes a security threat).

Syria is quite close to Russia, whose own population is more than one-tenth Muslim. So, Moscow was unwilling to let Islamist extremists win the Syrian civil war, and in September 2015, it intervened to stop them.

The Russia intervention in Syria has been almost entirely successful: Bashar al-Assad has won the war, and already controls all the big cities and most of the country’s ‘useful’ land.

The Washington foreign policy establishment hates this outcome but it never had a plausible alternative to peddle, nor (after Afghanistan and Iraq) was there the political will in the United States for a major military intervention in Syria.  The Syrian war will end in a year or two, and fleabites like this week’s air strikes will have no influence on the outcome. And Moscow will stop there — it has no further ambitions in the Middle East.

(The writer is an independent journalist)

Writer: Gwynne Dyer

Courtesy: The Pioneer

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