by August 1, 2017 0 comments

Language, in fact, is an amazing tool of unhampered eloquence in ‘Firaaq’. The characters in the riot-torn city speak in three languages Hindi, English and Gujarati. They do so without design or self-conscious purpose. The outstanding words do not stand outside the characters’ ambit of everyday expression (some- times colloquial, otherwise poetic).

Even when the narrative pauses to debate the polemics of communal politics among the characters, we the audience are one with the pause. This is excellence without the silent sound of applause. The spoken words are not designed for the camera. They are said be- cause they have to be expressed.’Firaaq’ first and foremost deserves the highest praise for the remarkably even-pitched writing by Nandita Das and Shuchi Kothari. No character jumps out of the screen in trying to make its presence felt.

The people who live in Nandita’s film are the
people we know in one way or another. And yet
they are here, special in a very unobtrusive
way. The narrative episodes, written with finesse and passion, are constructed to accentuate the post- communal friction among people who till the other day were neighbors.

There is a mixed-married Hindu-Muslim couple. Before the day is done the husband (played with silent sincerity by Sanjay Suri) has made peace with his environment and the fact that his name is Sameer Sheikh, not Sameer Desai. Sameer in the context of the film’s volatile communal statement becomes a metaphor for the Hindu-Muslim divide which is now a looming reality in middle class lives.
The tact and grace with which ‘Firaaq’ weaves through the communal tensions of un- related characters all joined by their collective fear of a communal backlash are signs of a time when cinema and society at large need to do a serious rethink on their responsibilities. ‘Firaaq’ throws forward an assortment of unrelated characters zigzagging across a do- main of doomed conscientiousness. Nandita Das’s narrative doesn’t attempt to unravel the enigma of a disaster-borne civilization. It looks at the people, even the lowest and scummiest of them (including Paresh Rawal who bravely plays a middle class businessman who happily looted a Muslim shop and shared in his brother’s participative glee in a gang rape) with a kind of reined-in empathy that makes even the seeming perpetrators look like victims. The villains, if any, are the administrative personnel shown to be running around abetting the violence. If this is a simplification in story- telling then it can’t be helped.

Celluloid depictions of troubled times have to somewhere find tangible figures to blame for the in- justice. Otherwise we would come away from a certifiable masterpiece like ‘Firaaq’ wondering if there’s any sense of justice left in this chaotic world of self-serving brutality.

Das’ narrative is propelled forward by powerful characters played by actors who not only know their job but
also know how to make their jobs look like anything but professional hazard. It would be criminal to pick performances.  Deepti Naval (looking like a ravaged guilt-ridden
avatar of the nurturing foster-mom Sharmila Tagore in Shakti Samanta’s ‘Amar Prem’), Paresh Rawal (as a trashy unscrupulous bourgeois broker) and of course the redoubtable Naseeruddin Shah (as an aged classical singer caught in a sub-
lime time-warp) deliver performances that glisten with glory and sensitivity. But there are dozens of other known and unknown ac- tors furnishing Das’ gripping drama with an inner voice that screams in protest without overstatement. The interactive drama bringing together people during crises never lapses into hysteria and homilies. The beauty of the drama of the disinherited is never diluted by clinging on to the inherent drama of any given situation.

Like life, Nandita Das’ narrative moves on with confident steps creating for itself a kind of compelling circumstance when crises are a giv
en, compromise a compulsion and surrender to fate the only means of survival. Haunting and powerful in its depiction of a time when humanity is frozen in anguish and terror, ‘Firaaq’ draws its tremendous strength from the screenplay and characters which seem to observe life’s keenest and meanest blows without flinching. Here’s a film that must be seen not be- cause it tells a story that touches every life. But because it touches our lives with such persuasiveness without resorting to Overstatement.

– OE News Bureau

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