In today’s world, even children ar open to experience depression. Whether a 5 year old didn’t get a toy they wished to buy to a 12 year old getting rejected, there is no limit of reasons that can make a child go off-edge and succumb to depression. The different signs of depression, especially in children, is extremely important to identify to make sure it is detected early and avoided altogether.
As many as one in every five teens experience depression at some point during adolescence, and about half are undiagnosed and untreated, according to the American Academy of Pediatrics. With boys, there are additional factors at play: Teenage boys tend to communicate less, commit suicide more often and will turn to alcohol or other substance abuse when depressed. Even as pediatricians step in to help, for parents of teenage boys, differentiating between normal growing pains and more serious depression can be difficult. Doing so, though, is becoming increasingly important. The National Institute of Mental Health estimates that three million adolescents ages 12 to 17 have had at least one major depressive episode in the past year and more dangerous behaviours, like self-harm, are increasing. “What they found is the brain is still developing, so we see high levels of impulsivity during this time,” said Ana Ojeda, PsyD, a board-certified clinical psychologist in Miami.
Open office setting is healthier
American researchers have found workers in open office seating experience less daytime stress and greater activity levels compared to workers in private offices and cubicles. The study was published in the journal Occupational and Environmental Medicine. It found that workers in open bench seating arrangements were 32 per cent more physically active than those in private offices and 20 per cent more active than those in cubicles, Xinhua news agency reported. The researchers from University of Arizona evaluated 231 people who work in the US federal office buildings. They wore stress and activity sensors around the clock for three work-days and two nights.
Vitamin B3 can treat acute kidney injury
Oral intake of vitamin B3 could potentially help prevent acute kidney injury that affects 30-40 per cent of all hospitalised adults in the low-income countries, suggests a study, led by a researcher of Indian origin. Acute kidney injury, an often fatal condition without a specific treatment, causes a build-up of waste products in the blood and an imbalance of fluids throughout the body. The findings showed that levels of nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide (NAD+) — the end result of vitamin B3 after it is ingested — declines in cases of acute kidney injury. “We were able to detect a drop in NAD+ in the urine of high-risk patients, who were either in an intensive care unit or undergoing a major surgery and found that oral vitamin B3 could safely elevate NAD+ in high-risk patients,” said principal investigator Samir M Parikh.
Writer and Courtesy: The Pioneer